Grade 9 Retention Profile: Central Texas & El Paso

Grade 9 Retention Profile data for
Central Texas & El Paso.


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Grade 9 Retention Profile

The transition from middle school to high school is a critical time for students. Research shows that students who are held back in ninth grade face an elevated risk of dropping out of high school. Students who are retained in the ninth grade are between 2 and 11 times more likely to drop out during high school than their on-time peers. To combat the difficult transition from middle school to high school, ongoing research on this topic can continue to illuminate bright spots as well as areas needing improvement.

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1,168 / 28,199

Central Texas

Grade 9 Retention Rate


1,665 / 13,674

El Paso

Grade 9 Retention Rate

Texas Grade 9 Retention Rates Decreasing Over Last Ten Years

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Disparities Exist in Grade 9 Retention by Household Income

Disparities in Grade 9 Retention by Household Income Have Been Reduced but Progress is Stalling

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Grade 9 Retention Varies by Race

Disparities in Dropouts by Race Persist Over Time

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Digging Deeper: Income, Gender, and Race Play a Role in Grade 9 Retention Rates

Grade 9 Retention Rate, 2022

About this data:

E3 Alliance relies primarily on data from the University of Texas Education Research Center (ERC). This data allows for a longitudinal understanding of grade 9 retention based on where and when a student attends high school. This data pertains to first-time grade 9 students who were enrolled within the state of Texas during their grade 9 year and the following school year.

Following are items to note:

The year of the data represents the year when students were in grade 9. A student is defined as having been retained in grade 9 if the student is still enrolled in grade 9 in the fall following their first-time grade 9 school year. There is a delay in data availability due to state approval within the ERC and analysis time. As such, if you choose to explore data from Central Texas, the graphs below present grade 9 retention data in the most recent available year in Texas schools.

Outcomes that reference data from 2021, 2022, or 2023 do not include San Marcos CISD, due to a data discrepancy.

The conclusions of this research do not necessarily reflect the opinions or official position of the Texas Education Agency, the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, or the State of Texas.