Research shows that students are more likely to succeed in school and graduate on time when they attend consistently. By examining disaggregated data, we can identify which student populations may need more support in terms of targeted interventions that help them to better attend, commit, and engage.
About this data:
E3 Alliance relies primarily on data from the University of Texas Education Research Center (ERC). This data allows for a year-by-year understanding of chronic absenteeism based on where a student attends school. This data pertains to Pre-K through 12th grade students who were enrolled within the state of Texas during a given school year.
Following are items to note:
Chronic absenteeism rates reflect whether a student was present for less than 90% of the days the student was enrolled.
Pandemic era data on attendance should be interpreted differently from prior years, for example, students enrolled in schools that did not report attendance data for the last 12 weeks of School Year 2019-2020 were marked as present during that time period. During the 2020-2021 school year, remote learners were often determined absent based on assignment submission timeframes.
There is a delay in data availability due to state approval within the ERC and analysis time. As such, if you choose to explore data from Central Texas, the graphs below present attendance data in the most recent available year in Texas schools.
50,672 / 378,662
Chronic Absence Rate
45,177 / 353,556
Rio Grande Valley
Chronic Absence Rate
Digging Deeper: Gender, Income, and Race Play a Role in Chronic Absenteeism
Reviewing the latest chronic absenteeism data by student groups based on their gender, income, and race allows us to take a closer look at which student groups are being underserved.
For Texas in the 2020-2021 school year, Asian females from non-low-income were chronically absent at the lowest rates (2%), while Black males from low-income households were chronically absent at the highest rates (26%).
For all racial groups, females from non-low-income households were chronically absent at the lowest rates, followed by males from non-low-income households, then females from low-income households, and males from low-income households.
Chronic Absence Rates, 2021
Chronic Absenteeism Varies by Race
Chronic absenteeism patterns show racial disparities that point to the need for systemic change around opportunities, access, and support.
For Texas in the 2020-2021 school year, nearly 1 in 5 Black and Hispanic students were chronically absent.
Use the comparison feature to look at disparities in enrollment in your region. Are disparities larger or smaller than the state?
Disparities Exist in Chronic Absenteeism by Household Income
Household income disparities in chronic absenteeism exist in Texas. More students from low-income households are chronically absent than students from non-low-income households.
In Texas, for the 2019-2020 school year, about 1 in 5 students from low-income households were chronically absent, compared to less than 1 in 10 students from non-low-income households.
Use the comparison feature to compare your region to the state. Are there greater or lesser disparities in your region?
Average Days Absent Lowest in Middle Grades, Highest for Pre-K
Chronic Absence Rates Lowest in Middle Grades, Highest for Pre-K
Texas Middle Schools Had the Lowest Number of Average Days Absent
Compare your District and Campuses to Others Using the Scatterplots Below
Use the first scatterplot below to compare your district to other districts in the region. You can use toggles and selections to look at specific demographic groups, and bright-spot districts. You can also toggle on size indicators and charter districts.
Use the second scatterplot below to compare campuses in your district to other campuses in the region. You can use toggles and selections to look at specific demographic groups, and bright-spot campuses. You can also toggle on size indicators and charter schools within your district.
Gauging your district against your peers can help you benchmark your performance against other similar districts and campuses. You may be surprised to see which districts and campuses perform well for specific demographic groups.
Chronic Absence Rate Stable for Past Ten Years Until Covid-19 Impact
Chronic absence rates remained stable for Texas from 2011 to 2019. The impact of Covid-19 and remote learning has a visible impact on chronic absence rates. Data collection changes for the 2019-2020 school year artificially reduced chronic absence rates at the start of the pandemic, and then rates spiked during 2020-2021 as the pandemic continued and many students shifted to remote instruction for at least part of the year.
See how the trend in your region compares to the state at large by using the comparison feature.
Disparities in Chronic Absenteeism by Household Income at Highest Level in Decade
Disparities continue in chronic absence rates for students from low-income households as compared to students from non-low-income households in Texas. The gap between these groups widened from 2011 to 202.
For students from low-income households, chronic absence rates increased from 12% in 2010-2011 to 14% in 2018-2019, and then increased again to 20% in 2020-2021.
For students from non-low-income households, chronic absence rates have stayed fairly consistent at around 6% to 7% over time.
Use the comparison feature to view the trend in your region as compared to the state. Is the trend moving in the same direction? Are the disparities increasing, decreasing, or remaining the same over time?
Disparities in Chronic Absenteeism by Race at Highest Level in Decade
In Texas, all student groups saw an increase in chronic absenteeism from 2011 to 2021, but the pandemic increase for Black and Hispanic students was much larger than for White and Asian students. This could point to a need for additional supports for these students, particularly if this is a trend, rather than an outlier year due to Covid.
Use the comparison feature to look at trends in your region by race over the past 10 years, as compared to the state. Are disparities increasing or decreasing in your region? Do some groups trend in different directions than others?